The eucalyptus (Eucalyptus Globulus Labill) is the highest deciduous tree on the Earth. Its homeland is Australia but nowadays it is widespread in Africa, China, India and the Mediterranean countries. We owe the aborigines in Australia the discovery of the healing power of the eucalyptus. They put the leaves of the eucalyptus on the injuries to prevent the development of infections and to speed the recovery processes. The eucalyptus oil is proved to be a reliable weapon against the terrible epidemics of malaria. Maybe that is one of the reasons for the eucalyptus to be called “the tree of life”.
At the 1960s started an extensive research of the composition and the healing qualities of the eucalyptus. German scientists establish that its leaves contain 1.5-3% ethereal oil with a main ingredient 1.8- cineole (eucalyptol) – 80% . The others valuable ingredients are pinene, camphene, terpineol a small quality aldehydes. There are also tannins in the leaves.
The contemporary pharmaceutical industry highly evaluates the strong antiseptic, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effect of the eucalyptus oil. That is why it is a preferred active component of medicines against bronchitis, asthma, rhinitis and sinusitis (it unblocks the nose, eases the breathing), angina, and cough (disinfects, relieves pain and acts expectorant) and products for oral hygiene (neutralizes bacteria and freshens the breath). The eucalyptus oil is included in the composition of the massage oils for arthritis, rheumatism, muscle aches. It relieves the pain and the inflammation, relaxes stiff muscles, tones and freshens.